Due to the recrudescence of SARS-CoV-2 infections worldwide, mainly caused by Omicron variant of concern (VOC) and its sub-lineages, several jurisdictions are administering a mRNA vaccine boost. Here, we analyze humoral responses induced after the second and third doses of mRNA vaccine in naïve and previously-infected donors who received their second dose with an extended 16-week interval. We observe that the extended interval elicits robust humoral responses against VOCs, but this response is significantly diminished 4 months after the second dose. Administering a boost to these individuals brings back the humoral responses to the same levels obtained after the extended second dose. Interestingly, we observe that administering a boost to individuals that initially received a short 3-4 weeks regimen elicits humoral responses similar to those observed in the long interval regimen. Nevertheless, humoral responses elicited by the boost in naïve individuals do not reach those present in previously-infected vaccinated individuals.

Fuente: Cell Reports
Available online 5 October 2022, 111554