Molnupiravir (MPV) is the first direct-acting oral antiviral drug that effectively decreases nasopharyngeal infections with SARS-CoV-2 virus. The stability of MPV was tested by subjecting the drug to various stress conditions. The drug is liable to oxidative, acidic, and alkaline degradation and showed significant stability against thermal degradation. Mass spectrometry identified the degradation products and guided suggestion of the degradation patterns. Interestingly, while inspecting the UV-absorption spectra, we observed no absorbance at 270 nm for the products of the three degradation pathways (c.f. intact MPV). Direct spectrophotometry seemed a solution that perfectly fit the purpose of the stability assay method in our case. It avoids sophisticated instrumentation and complex mathematical data manipulation. The method determined MPV accurately (100.32% ± 1.62) and selectively (99.49% ± 1.63) within the linear range of 1.50 × 10–5–4.0 × 10–4 M and down to a detection limit of 0.48 × 10–5 M. The proposed method is simple and does not require any preliminary separation or derivatization steps. The procedure proved its validity as per the ICH recommendations. The specificity was assessed in the presence of up to 90% degradation products. The study evaluated the greenness profile of the proposed analytical procedure using the National Environmental Methods Index (NEMI), the Analytical Eco-Scale, and the Green Analytical Procedure Index (GAPI). The three metrics unanimously agreed that the developed procedure results in a greener profile than the reported method. The method investigated the degradation reactions’ kinetics and evaluated the reaction order, rate constant, and half-life time for each degradation process.

Fuente: Scientific Reports
Published: 31 May 2023