Infectious diseases by pathogenic microorganisms are one of the leading causes of mortality worldwide. Healthcare and socio-economic development have been seriously affected for different civilizations because of bacterial and viral infections. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), pandemic in 1918 by the Influenza A virus of the H1N1 subtype was responsible for 50 to 100 million deaths worldwide. Similarly, the Asian flu pandemic in 1957, Hong Kong flu in 1968, and H1N1pdm09 flu pandemic in 2009 were responsible for more than 1 million deaths across the globe each time. As per the World Health Organization (WHO), the current pandemic by coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) due to the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) virus is responsible for more than 4.8 M death worldwide until now. Since the gold standard polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test is more time-consuming, the health care system cannot test all symptomatic and asymptomatic Covid patients every day, which is extremely important to tackle the outbreak. One of the significant challenges during the current pandemic is developing mass testing tools, which is critical to control the virus spread in the community. Therefore, it is highly desirable to develop advanced material-based approaches that can provide a rapid and accurate diagnosis of COVID-19, which will have the capability to save millions of human lives.
Fuente: Accounts of Materials Research