d-Amino acids, rare enantiomers of amino acids, have been identified as biomarkers and therapeutic options for COVID-19. Methods for monitoring recovery are necessary for managing COVID-19. On the other hand, the presence of SARS-CoV2 virus in the blood is associated with worse outcomes. We investigated the potential of d-amino acids for assessing recovery from severe COVID-19. In patients with severe COVID-19 requiring artificial ventilation, the blood levels of d-amino acids, including d-alanine, d-proline, d-serine, and d-asparagine, which were lower than the normal range before treatment, quickly and transiently increased and surpassed the upper limit of the normal range. This increase preceded the recovery of respiratory function, as indicated by ventilation weaning. The increase in blood d-amino acid levels was associated with the disappearance of the virus in the blood, but not with inflammatory manifestations or blood cytokine levels. d-Amino acids are sensitive biomarkers that reflect the recovery of the clinical course and blood viral load. Dynamic changes in blood d-amino acid levels are key indicators of clinical course.

Fuente: Biochemistry and Biophysics Reports
Available online 7 March 2023, 101452