The SARS-COV-2 virus, which causes COVID-19 disease, continues to threaten the whole world with its mutations. Many methods developed for COVID-19 detection are validated on the data sets generally including severe forms of the disease. Since the severe forms of the disease have prominent signatures on X-ray images, the performance to be achieved is high. To slow the spread of the disease, effective computer-assisted screening tools with the ability to detect the mild and the moderate forms of the disease that do not have prominent signatures are needed. In this work, various pretrained networks, namely GoogLeNet, ResNet18, SqueezeNet, ShuffleNet, EfficientNetB0, and Xception, are used as feature extractors for the COVID-19 detection with severity level analysis. The best feature extraction layer for each pre-trained network is determined to optimize the performance. After that, features obtained by the best layer are selected by following a wrapper-based feature selection strategy using the features ranked based on Laplacian scores. The experimental results achieved on two publicly available data sets including all the forms of COVID-19 disease reveal that the method generalized well on unseen data. Moreover, 66.67%, 90.32%, and 100% sensitivity are obtained in the detection of mild, moderate, and severe cases, respectively.

Fuente: Concurrency and Computation Practice and Experience

First published: 21 December 2021