COVID-19 is a respiratory illness caused by an ribonucleic acid (RNA) virus prone to mutations. In December 2020, variants with different characteristics that could affect transmissibility emerged around the world. To address this new dynamic of the disease, we formulate and analyze a mathematical model of a two-strain COVID-19 transmission dynamics with strain 1 vaccination. The model is theoretically analyzed and sufficient conditions for the stability of its equilibria are derived. In addition to the disease-free and endemic equilibria, the model also has single-strain 1 and strain 2 endemic equilibria. Using the center manifold theory, it is shown that the model does not exhibit the phenomenon of backward bifurcation, and global stability of the model equilibria are proved using various approaches. Simulations to support the model theoretical results are provided. We calculate the basic reproductive number for both strains and independently. Results indicate that – both strains will persist when and – Stain 2 could establish itself as the dominant strain if and , or when . However, due to de novo herd immunity due to strain 1 vaccine efficacy and provided the initial stain 2 transmission threshold parameter is controlled to remain below unity, strain 2 will not establish itself/persist in the community.

Fuente: Results in Physics
Available online 30 June 2022