To review the effects of prone position and supine position on oxygenation parameters in patients with Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19). Design Systematic review and meta-analysis of non-randomised trials. Patients: Databases of EMBASE, MEDLINE and CENTRAL were systematically searched from its inception until March 2021. Interventions: COVID-19 patients being positioned in the prone position either whilst awake or under general anaesthesia. Measurements: Primary outcomes were oxygenation parameters (PaO₂/FiO₂ ratio, PaCO2, SpO2). Secondary outcomes included the rate of intubation and mortality rate. Results: Thirty-five studies (n = 1712 patients) were included in this review. In comparison to the supine group, prone position significantly improved the PaO₂/FiO₂ ratio (study = 13, patients = 1002, Mean difference, MD 52.15, 95% CI 37.08 to 67.22; p < 0.00001) and SpO₂ (study = 11, patients = 998, MD 4.17, 95% CI 2.53 to 5.81; p ≤0.00001). Patients received prone position were associated with lower incidence of mortality (study = 5, patients = 688, Odd ratio, OR 0.44, 95% CI 0.24 to 0.80; p = 0.007). No significant difference was noted in the incidence of intubation rate (study = 5, patients = 626, OR 1.20, 95% CI 0.77 to 1.86; p = 0.42) between the supine and prone groups. Conclusion: Our meta-analysis demonstrated that prone position improved PaO2/FiO2 ratio with better SpO2 than supine position in COVID-19 patients. Given the limited number of studies with small sample size and substantial heterogeneity of measured outcomes, further studies are warranted to standardize the regime of prone position to improve the certainty of evidence.
Fuente: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia