Background: Guillain-Barre Syndrome (GBS) is the most common cause of acute flaccid paralysis, with an incidence of 0.81-1.89 cases per 100,000. With the SARS-CoV-2 virus pandemic, major international vaccination campaigns continue to be carried out to minimize the total burden of the disease. This study aims to report a case series of consecutive GBS patients after SARS-CoV-2 vaccination during the massive campaign in Mexico in 2021. Methods: A single-center, observational study of consecutive GBS subjects diagnosed by Asbury criteria from January 1 to August 31, 2021. Including GBS-related symptoms on or after six weeks of vaccination record, both first and second doses. Results: From a total of 53 GBS patients, eight had a history of SARS-CoV-2 vaccination, 87.5% male, the median vaccination-symptom onset and symptom-to-admission time were 15 (IQR 12.75-23.25), and 3.5 (IQR 1.5-8.25), all of them had GBS Disability Scale ≥3 at admission. Acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (AIDP) was the most common electrophysiological variant encountered in this population. All patients received treatment Intravenous Immunoglobulin (IVIG) or Plasma Exchange (PE), 62.5% recovered independent walk at three months follow up. Conclusion: The annual incidence of GBS cases associated with vaccination remains lower (0.81 – 1.89 cases / 100,000 persons) than non-vaccinated patients; this should encourage health authorities to continue promoting massive vaccination as benefits outweigh the risks.
Fuente: Neuroimmunology Reports
Available online 13 December 2021, 100050