High concentrations of ivermectin demonstrated antiviral activity against SARS-CoV-2 in vitro. Aim of this study was to assess safety and efficacy of high-dose ivermectin in reducing viral load in individuals with early SARS-CoV-2 infection. Randomised, double-blind, multicentre, phase II, dose-finding, proof-of-concept clinical trial. Participants: adults recently diagnosed with asymptomatic/oligosymptomatic SARS-CoV-2 infection, providing informed consent. Exclusion criteria: pregnant or lactating women; CNS diseases; dialysis; severe medical condition with prognosis < 6 months; warfarin treatment; antiviral/chloroquine phosphate/hydroxychloroquine treatment. Participants were assigned according to a randomized permuted block procedure to one of the following arms with allocation ratio 1:1:1: placebo (arm A); single dose ivermectin 600 μg/kg plus placebo for 5 days (arm B); single dose ivermectin 1200 μg/kg for 5 days (arm C). Primary outcomes: serious adverse drug reactions (SADR) and change of viral load at Day 7. From 31th July, 2020 to 26th May, 2021, 32 participants were randomized to arm A, 29 to arm B and 32 to arm C. The recruitment was stopped on 10th June, because of a dramatic drop of cases. Eighty-nine participants were included in the safety analysis set, the change in viral load was calculated on 87 participants. No SADR were registered. The mean log10 viral load reduction was 2.9 in arm C (SD 1.6), 2.5 (2.2) in arm B and 2.0 (2.1) in arm A, with no significant differences (p=0.099 and 0.122 for C versus A and B versus A, respectively). High-dose ivermectin was safe, but did not prove efficacy to reduce viral load.

Fuente:International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
Available online 6 January 2022, 106516