The extraordinary variation of the human leukocyte antigen (HLA) molecules is critical for diversifying antigen presentation to T cells. Coupled with the rise of novel strains and rapidly evolving immune evasion SARS-CoV-2 proteins, HLA-mediated immunity in COVID-19 is critically important but far from being fully understood. A growing number of studies have found association of HLA variants with different COVID-19 outcomes and that HLA genotypes associate with differential immune responses against SARS-CoV-2. Prediction studies have shown that mutations in multiple viral strains, most concentrated in the Spike protein, affect the affinity between these mutant peptides and HLA molecules. Understanding the impact of this variation on T-cell responses is critical for comprehending immunogenic mechanisms in both natural immunity and vaccine development.
Fuente: Current Opinion in Immunology