Background: COVID-19 related distress has been shown to have negative associations with family well-being. Objectives: To determine the immediate impact of acute COVID-19 infection on maternal well-being and parenting practices among Brazilian families. Participants and setting: We studied 2′579 mothers (29′913 observations) of young children from vulnerable neighborhoods in Boa Vista, Brazil over 12 months. Methods:  We monitored family health and caregiving behavior including the incidence of COVID-19 infections in the surveyed households through bi-weekly phone interviews over 50 weeks, from June 2020 to May 2021. Primary outcomes were home-based child stimulation, positive parenting behavior, and parenting stress. We used fixed effects panel regressions to estimate the impact of household COVID-19 infections on parenting outcomes. Results: Over the study period, 441 participants (17.1%; 831 (3.0%) observations) reported at least 1 positive COVID-19 infection in their household. Household COVID-19 infections significantly reduced home-based stimulation by 0.10 SDs (95%CI: −0.18, −0.01), positive parenting behaviors by 0.14 SDs (−0.21, −0.01), and increased parenting stress by 0.07 SDs (0.02, 0.12). The impact on home-based stimulation was most pronounced when the mother herself had a COVID-19 infection (−0.16; −0.29, −0.04). Parenting stress responded most strongly to mother or child COVID-19 infections. Effects were relatively short-lived, only children’s infections’ on parental stress was still detectable 2 weeks after initial infection. Conclusion: Our findings suggest that COVID-19 infections cause substantial disruptions in children’s home environments – additional short-term support for families with acute infections could attenuate the negative impact on children’s home environment during the pandemic.

Fuente: Child Abuse & Neglect
Available online 8 May 2022, 105667