There is great interest to explore the huge potential of different amino-acids on the immunity of human. Immunity helps to protect us from the pathogenic infections. The amino-acids are being use to give energy and is also used as an important basic molecule for the making of cells, protecting cell etc. Still, little information is known for their importance in the inhibition of main protease of SARS-CoV-2. As known, tens of millions are infected due to the SARS-CoV-2 and about a million of deaths are reported due to it. As of now, no promising drug is available in the market to cure the patients from this infection. Even, the medicines beings used for the partial cure may have some side effects. Therefore, the focus is to explore the natural amino-acids against the main protease of SARS-CoV-2 as using of amino-acids is not toxic to humans. In the present work, authors have studied the amino-acids using DFT calculations and then explore their promising role in the inhibition of main protease of SARS-CoV-2 using molecular docking and molecular dynamics simulations. Out of the 20 amino-acids, arginine found to best against the main protease of SARS-CoV-2 using the molecular docking and the binding energy was -0.94 kcal/ mol. Further, molecular dynamics simulations for the main protease of SARS-CoV-2 with and without arginine was performed using the Amber and different thermodynamic parameters like ΔH and TΔS to get ΔG, comes out to be 2.74 kcal/mol.

Fuente: Journal of Molecular Structure
Available online 14 November 2021, 131924