Background: Cases of glomerulopathy after COVID-19 vaccination have been reported in the adult population, while only a few cases have been reported in children and adolescents. For better understanding of this association in pediatric population, we aimed to describe clinical course of patients with glomerulopathy within 60 days of COVID-19 vaccination who were under followed up in the pediatric nephrology department of National Taiwan University Children’s Hospital. Methods: We reviewed the clinical characteristics, vaccine types, and outcomes of patients with newly diagnosed glomerular diseases or relapse of underlying glomerulopathy within 60 days after COVID-19 vaccination at our facility between January 2021 and July 2022. Results: Thirteen pediatric patients were found to have newly diagnosed glomerular diseases or relapse from their underlying glomerulopathy after receiving their first, second, or third COVID-19 vaccines in our facility. Of the five pediatric patients with newly diagnosed glomerulopathy after vaccination, thin basement membrane nephropathy, idiopathic nephrotic syndrome, and hematuria have been identified. Seven patients had relapse episodes of underlying nephrotic syndrome and one patient with underlying isolated microscopic hematuria developed subnephrotic proteinuria after COVID-19 vaccination. All patients experienced remission or improvement with either immunosuppressive or conservative treatment during the follow- up period. Conclusions: This is the largest case series to date of pediatric glomerulopathy after COVID-19 vaccination. From our report, patients with either newly diagnosed or relapse of glomerulopathy after vaccination had good outcomes, and receiving vaccination to prevent COVID-19 infection or complications should be encouraged in pandemic era under close monitoring kidney manifestations.

Fuente: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association
Available online 26 April 2023