Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) as a causal agent of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) has led to the global pandemic. Though the real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) acting as a gold-standard method has been widely used for COVID-19 diagnostics, it can hardly support rapid on-site applications or monitor the stage of disease development as well as to identify the infection and immune status of rehabilitation patients. To suit rapid on-site COVID-19 diagnostics under various application scenarios with an all-in-one device and simple detection reagents, we propose a high-throughput multimodal immunoassay platform with fluorescent, colorimetric, and chemiluminescent immunoassays on the same portable device and a multimodal reporter probe using quantum dot (QD) microspheres modified with horseradish peroxidase (HRP) coupled with goat anti-human IgG. The recombinant nucleocapsid protein fixed on a 96-well plate works as the capture probe. In the condition with the target under detection, both reporter and capture probes can be bound by such target. When illuminated by excitation light, fluorescence signals from QD microspheres can be collected for target quantification often at a fast speed. Additionally, when pursuing simple detection without using any sensing devices, HRP-catalyzed TMB colorimetric immunoassay is employed; and when pursuing highly sensitive detection, HRP-catalyzed luminol chemiluminescent immunoassay is established. Verified by the anti-SARS-CoV-2 N humanized antibody, the sensitivities of colorimetric, fluorescent, and chemiluminescent immunoassays are respectively 20, 80, and 640 times more sensitive than that of the lateral flow colloidal gold immunoassay strip. Additionally, such a platform can simultaneously detect multiple samples at the same time thus supporting high-throughput sensing; and all these detecting operations can be implemented on-site within 50 min relying on field-operable processing and field-portable devices. Such a high-throughput multimodal immunoassay platform can provide a new all-in-one solution for rapid on-site diagnostics of COVID-19 for different detecting purposes.

Fuente: Analytica Chimica Acta

Available online 16 November 2022