Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) have anti-inflammatory properties that may have clinical utility in treating severe pulmonary manifestations of COVID-19. SSRIs exert anti-inflammatory effects at three mechanistic levels: (a) inhibition of proinflammatory transcription factor activity, including NF-κB and STAT3; (b) downregulation of lung tissue damage and proinflammatory cell recruitment via inhibition of cytokines, including IL-6, IL-8, TNF-α, and IL-1β; and (c) direct suppression inflammatory cells, including T cells, macrophages, and platelets. These pathways are implicated in the pathogenesis of COVID-19. In this review, we will compare the pathogenesis of lung inflammation in pulmonary diseases including COVID-19, ARDS, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), describe the anti-inflammatory properties of SSRIs, and discuss the applications of SSRIS in treating COVID-19-associated inflammatory lung disease.
Fuente: Neuropsychopharmacology Reports