Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) as one of the diseases pneumonia was first reported in Wuhan, China in December 2019. COVID-19 is considered the third most common coronavirus among individuals after acute respiratory syndrome (SARS-CoV) and the Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS-CoV) in the 20th century. Many studies have shown that cell therapy and regenerative medicine approaches have an impressive effect on different dangerous diseases in a way that using a cell-based experiment could be effective for improving humans with severe acute respiratory infections caused by the 2019 novel coronavirus. Accordingly, due to the stunning effects of mesenchymal stem cells and derivatives on the treatment of various diseases, this review focuses on the auxiliary role of mesenchymal stem cells and their derivatives in reducing the inflammatory processes of acute respiratory infections resulted from the 2019 novel coronavirus. The reported MSCs treatment outcomes are significant because these cells prevent the immune system from over-activating and improve, endogenous repair by improving the lung microenvironment after the SARS-CoV-2 infection. The MSCs can be an effective, autologous, and safe treatment, and therefore, share the results. To date, the results of several studies have shown that mesenchymal stem cells and their derivatives can inhibit inflammation. Exosomes act as intercellular communication devices between cells for the transfer of active molecules. In this review, recent mesenchymal stem cells and their derivatives-based clinical trials for the cure of COVID-19 are introduced.

Fuente: Biotechnology and Applied Biochemistry

Published: 23 September 2021