The association between meteorological factors and COVID-19 is important for the prevention and control of COVID-19. However, similar studies are relatively rare in China. This study aims to investigate the association between COVID-19 and meteorological factors, such as average temperature, relative humidity (ARH), and air quality index (AQI), and average wind speed. We collected the daily confirmed cases of COVID-19 and meteorological factors in Shanghai China from January 10, 2020 to March 31, 2020. A generalized additive model (GAM) was fitted to quantify the associations between meteorological factors and COVID-19 during the study period. A negative association between average temperature and daily confirmed cases of COVID-19 was found on lag 13 days. In addition, we observed significantly positive correlation between meteorological factors (AQI, relative humidity) and daily confirmed cases of COVID-19. A 10 increase in AQI (lag1/7/8/9/10 days) was correlated with a 4.2%~9.0% increase in the daily confirmed cases of COVID-19. A 1% increase in relative humidity (lag1/4/7/8/9/10 days) was correlated with 1.7%~3.7% increase in the daily confirmed cases of COVID-19. However, the associations between average wind speed and the daily confirmed cases of COVID-19 is complex in different lag days. In summary, meteorological factors could affect the occurrence of COVID-19. Reducing the effects of meteorological factors on COVID-19 may be an important public health action for the prevention and control of COVID-19.
Fuente: Journal of Medical Virology
Published: 14 October 2021