SARS-CoV-2 was shown to infect and persist in the human brain cells up to 230 days, highlighting the need to treat the brain viral load. The CNS disposition of antiCOVID-19 drugs: Remdesivir, Molnupiravir, and Nirmatrelvir, remains, however, unexplored. Here, we assessed the human brain pharmacokinetic profile (PK) against the EC90 values of antiCOVID-19 drugs to predict drugs with favorable brain PK against the delta and omicron variants. We also evaluated the intracellular PK of GS443902 and EIDD2061, the active metabolites of Remdesivir and Molnupiravir. Towards this, we applied LeiCNS-PK3.0, the physiologically based pharmacokinetic framework with demonstrated adequate predictions of human CNS PK. Under the recommended dosing regimens, the predicted brain extracellular fluid PK of only Nirmatrelvir was above the variants’ EC90. The intracellular levels of GS443902 and EIDD2061 were below the intracellular EC90. Summarizing, our model recommends Nirmatrelvir as the promising candidate for (pre)clinical studies investigating the CNS efficacy of antiCOVID-19 drugs.

Fuente: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Available online 30 November 2022, 106345