While pregnancy increases the risk for severe COVID19, the clinical and immunological implications of COVID19 on maternal-fetal health remain unknown. Here, we present the clinical and immunological landscapes of 93 COVID19 mothers and 45 of their SARS-CoV-2-exposed infants through comprehensive serum proteomics profiling for >1400 cytokines of their peripheral and cord blood specimens. Prenatal SARS-CoV-2 infection triggers NF-κB-dependent proinflammatory immune activation. Pregnant women with severe COVID19 show increased inflammation and unique IFNλ antiviral signaling, with elevated levels of IFNL1 and IFNLR1. Furthermore, SARS-CoV-2 infection re-shapes maternal immunity at delivery altering the expression of pregnancy complication-associated cytokines, inducing MMP7, MDK, ESM1, and reducing BGN and CD209. Finally, COVID19-exposed infants exhibit induction of T cell-associated cytokines (IL33, NFATC3 and CCL21), while some undergo IL-1β/IL-18/CASP1 axis-driven neonatal respiratory distress despite birth at term. Our findings demonstrate COVID19-induced immune rewiring in both mothers and neonates, warranting long-term clinical follow-up to mitigate potential health risks.

Fuente: Cell Reports Medicine
Available online 27 October 2021, 100453