Our objective was to assess the incidence of drug bioaccumulation in critically ill COVID-19 patients with AKI receiving intermediate dose nadroparin for thrombosis prophylaxis. We conducted a Prospective cohort study of critically ill COVID-19 patients. In patients on intermediate dose nadroparin (5700 IU once daily) we assessed the incidence of bioaccumulation (trough anti-Xa level > 0.2 IU/mL) stratified according to presence of AKI. We quantified this association using multilevel analyses. To assess robustness of our observations, we explored the association between AKI and anti-Xa activity in patients receiving high dose nadroparin (> 5700 IU). 108 patients received intermediate dose nadroparin, of whom 24 had AKI during 36 anti-Xa measurements. One patient with AKI (4.2% [95%CI 0.1–21%]) and 1 without (1.2% [95%CI 0.03–6.5%]) developed bioaccumulation (p = 0.39). Development of AKI was associated with a mean increase of 0.04 (95%CI 0.02–0.05) IU/ml anti-Xa activity. There was no statistically significant association between anti-Xa activity and AKI in 51 patients on high dose nadroparin. There were four major bleeding events, all in patients on high dose nadroparin. In conclusion, Bioaccumulation of an intermediate dose nadroparin did not occur to a significant extent in critically ill patients with COVID-19 complicated by AKI. Dose adjustment in AKI may be unnecessary.
Fuente: Scientific Reports Published: 18 October 2022